[6.7.3] Bernardino Telesio’s on Ethics and Knowlege

Bernardino Telesio (1509–1588) “The ethics exposed in the 9th book of De rerum natura is strictly naturalist. The only objective which Telesio ascribes to the spirit is self-preservation and self-improvement …”. The importance of knowledge comes from the self-preservation and- improvement.

  • Self-preservation and self-improvement characterize spirit.
  • Knowledge is a component of spirit.
  • Natural philosophy and medicine are theoretical knowledge.
  • Knowledge to control is subkind of knowledge and terminates emotion and desire.
  • Emotion and desire can be provoked and suppressed.

The following OntoUML diagram shows Bernardino Telesio on ethics

Telesio on ethics and knowledge
ClassDescriptionRelations
Spirit“The ethics exposed in the 9th book of De rerum natura is strictly naturalist. The only objective which Telesio ascribes to the spirit is self-preservation and self-improvement, the former lying in its ability to react suitably to influences from the external world, the latter in its capability of finding means to improve its state of being”componentOf Knowledge
Self-preservation“Telesio ascribes to the spirit […] self-preservation […], lying in its ability to react suitably to influences from the external worldcharacterizes Spirit
Self-improvement“Telesio ascribes to the spirit […] self-improvement […], lying […] in its capability of finding means to improve its state of beingcharacterizes Spirit
KnowledgeKnowledge
TheoreticalKnowledgeThis comes about through theoretical knowledge, specifically through natural philosophy and medicine (cf. DRN book VIII, ch. XXI) subkind of Knowledge
NaturalPhilosophyThis comes about through theoretical knowledge, specifically through natural philosophy and medicine (cf. DRN book VIII, ch. XXI)subkind of TheoreticalKnowledge
MedicineThis comes about through theoretical knowledge, specifically through natural philosophy and medicine (cf. DRN book VIII, ch. XXI)subkind of TheoreticalKnowledge
KnowledgeToControlKnowledge to control “This comes about through […] learning to control one’s own emotions and desires. “
This is a subkind of knowledge.
subkind of Knowledge
Emotion&Desire“This comes about through […] learning to control one’s own emotions and desires. “terminates Emotion&Desire
Provoke; Suppress“According to Telesio, we can voluntarily provoke and suppress affections and their related actions (DRN book IX, ch. I; vol. III, p. 332f.); what is more, we are able to master the degree to which we desire and are affected (DRN book IX, ch. II; vol. III, p. 334). The principle of moral virtue is said to be a knowledge of what is helpful and what is damaging for survival and well-being in human society. All virtues and vices are reduced to self-conservation.”participates in Emotion&Desire

Sources

  • Boenke, Michaela, “Bernardino Telesio“, The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Winter 2018 Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed.).

First published: 08/12/2022

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.